and Germany leave the league
Germany start rearming
Reichstag burns down; blamed on Communists
Hitler passes Enabling act allowing him to pass laws without the Reichstag
Night of the Long Knives
Hindenburg dies – Hitler makes himself Führer
Stresse Front signed
between Britain, France and Italy; this was a very vague agreement as it only mentioned about peace in Europe, Mussolini thought
that Britain and France would support him in his attack against Abyssinia.
A plebiscite was held in the Saarland
so the people could decide to vote for Hitler and rejoining
with Germany . Hitler won 90% of the vote
The Anglo German Naval agreement between Germany and Britain ; this set the size of the German navy to 35% of Britain ’s. This totally
undermined the T of V, Stresse Front and made France and Italy extremely annoyed that Britain
had gone behind their backs.
and France banned the sale of oil and petrol to Italy but it was too late, Italy
had won the war. Instead this just made Mussolini angry
and began to distrust Britain
and France so he turned to Hitler as an ally.
the Rhineland ; this was a big gamble on Germans part as he was not yet strong enough. He was going against
the T of V and if France
retaliated German troops would have to retreat.
Rome-Berlin axis pact; this was a treaty between the two fascist countries; Italy and Germany
Germany , Italy and Japan then signed a treaty called the Anti-Comintern pact against communism.
Anschluss - this was a failed attempt after opposition from Italy
Italy leaves the league
Hitler supported Franco in the Spanish Civil War. This was a great time for Hitler to test out his arms and
use the war as a training ground!
“Anschluss” German prepared to take over Austria .
Hitler and Schuschnigg held talks and Schuschnigg was badly threatened by Hitler
1938 9th March
S’s last desperate attempt to keep Austria independent he
announced a plebiscite
1938 11th March
this made Hitler very angry and he invaded Austria before the
plebiscite could take place.
Henlein, Nazi local leader, claimed that the Sudeten Germans weren’t being treated fairly. Britain didn’t want to get involved as it didn’t have
treaty with Czechoslovakia . France on the other hand made one with Czechoslovakia
in 1925 but the new Prime Minister did not want to
go to war.
sent officials to Czechoslovakia . They were biased towards the Sudeten Germans and
said that the Sudetenland should be separated from Czechoslovakia .
By now Hitler was ready to go to war. Chamberlain met Hitler on several occasions and agreed that Hitler could
have the Sudetenland if he did not use force. The Czechs were not very happy about this but, without the support
of his allies, he couldn’t do anything about the invasion
Chamberlain came to see Hitler again to tell him that Britain , France
and Czechoslovakia had all agreed. But Hitler made new demands that Germans can take over Czechoslovakia immediately. At this stage it looked like there would be war.
29th September, there was a conference in Munich where, Britain , France
and Italy would be present. They all agreed on the annexation of the Sudetenland , Czechoslovakia were not present at the conference.
German troops march into the Sudetenland
. The Czechoslovakian Prime Minister Benes was forced into exile.
Litvinov, Russian foreign Minister, prepared to sign a treaty with Britain and France
, agreeing to support each other if war broke out.
Britain delayed this. Meanwhile, Litvinov was replaced by Molotov who began to contact
the Germans. Britain
was still being awkward.
Hitler suggested a pact with Stalin. He sent Ribbentrop , Germany ’s foreign minister, to Moscow
. Stalin was very interested in the ‘secret protocol’
of the treaty. The Soviet Union was offered to control vast areas of territory including, Finland , Latvia
, Estonia , Lithuania
, and many more. The pact was signed.
Hitler wanted to attack Poland
. Britain said that if Hitler
, there would be war. Hitler didn’t believe them.
They hadn’t done anything before.
1939 1st September
Hitler invades Poland
1939 3rd September Britain declares war
after, France did the same (typical French!!!). No one tells the League!